Different approaches have been used to determine the brand value. There are some well known professionals like Deloitte and Interbrand, who determine the brand values and publish them in Business magazines. A list of top 100 brands is published every year in Business week. Some major variations in approach to brand valuation are mentioned here. To get additional info, Local Brand Advisor
1 The Market Transactions method-studies the transactions comparable to the brand being valued provided there are enough transactions and there is no tie up between the transactions and other assets
2 Cost Method- Here the cost of obtaining brand recognition through advertising and marketing is taken into consideration. This method cannot be easily used for established brands where the cost of advertising and brand recognition are less compared to new brands.
3 Income Method- In this method the relief from royalty is estimated to assess the brand value. This implies that the cost of renting the brand is assessed by the valuator. That is, how much will some other company pay to rent this brand name? This can be done by finding the licensing value of comparative brands in the market and the specific features of the brand being valued. The main elements of this method are the sales by the company and future growth, the expected life of the brand, how the brand value will decline with time and the taxes.
4. The Interbrand method consist of assessing the future earnings of the brand, discount the future earnings to present value, deduct the cost of owning the tangible assets to arrive at the value added by the intangible factors and finally assess the risk associated with these earnings. The risk is dependent on the brand’s competence to gain market dominance, remain stable in the market and the possibility of the brand breaking into international markets.
Brand Valuations skills
Brand is a key assets of a company. Brands just cannot be associated with costs alone but must also be evaluated from the intangible perspective. We are now recognizing that the company value is dependent on the intangible component more than the value of tangible assets when an acquisition or merger takes place. The gut feelings seem to play a role. Investors in share markets, especially, those who look at the value from long term perspective seem to focus on an organizations brand and the ability of the company to sustain the value.
Valuing brands is an ongoing phenomenon. The methodologies used are not optimal. There is need to incorporate the soft factors that count like the brand values, the brand relevance and identity and the brands ability to manage these factors in a changing environment are very critical and basic to the brand valuation. It is here that the brand managers and the analysts need to sharpen their skills.