The Effective Use of EMDR Therapy

EMDR Therapy is based on the concept that trauma can cause structural changes in the brain. This includes the inability to properly process information, which is referred to as the stress fracture or memory erosion in the patient. The term EMR or electro-encephalographs was first used in the 1970s to diagnose and measure mental health disorders such as dementia. The symptoms associated with this condition include seizures, lack of concentration, depression, anxiety and irritability; symptoms are also seen in patients with head injuries.
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Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprogramming are a type of psychotherapy developed by Francine Shapiro in the late 1980’s where the patient being treated is exposed to distressing photographs; usually those that have been haunting them for some time and/or that have had some effect on their life. When exposed to these images, the patient undergoes a series of refrains or re-experiences which slowly erodes and alters their unconscious neurological structure over a period of several weeks. While this therapy has been quite successful at reducing the negative effects of PTSD in many cases, it has been less effective in treating the positive associations associated with the traumatic memories. As a result, EMDR Therapy has been primarily applied in conjunction with cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT.
An important point to note about EMDR Therapy is that while it is highly effective in treating both positive and negative associations with the traumatic event, it is not without limitation. This therapy can be used in conjunction with various types of therapy including relaxation techniques, imagery, and cognitive restructuring, but is not limited to these techniques. If a patient is experiencing symptoms that may point to a more serious underlying disorder, a combination of both EMR and cognitive behavioral therapy is recommended in order to ensure that the most severe problem is treated first. In most cases, when using this type of treatment, the therapists will attempt to use EMDR Therapy in conjunction with other forms of therapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy.